Polychlorinated binephyls or PCBs became a huge topic of discussion in the late 1970s, when various government agencies and environmental organizations raised concerns about its toxicity. Up to this point, PCBs were widely used in a variety of industrial and commercial materials. The chemical substance was solely manufactured by the chemical corporation Monsanto, and was sold under the brand name Aroclor. Estimates show that PCB production earned the company around $10 million in profits.
Confidential internal reports showed that Monsanto PCBs have been responsible for polluting creeks and other near-by areas surrounding the company’s factor in Anniston, Alabama. According to in-depth reporting by Michael Grunwald for The Washington Post, Monsanto leaders have been aware of the PCB pollution issue a full decade before a ban was issued by the U.S. Congress in 1979. Internal communications showed that Monsanto have observed how fishes and other wildlife was affected by PCB in the contaminated Snow Creek where they routinely dumped toxic waste and by-products. A report from 1966 described how fishes in the creek were affected by PCBs: “All 25 fish lost equilibrium and turned on their sides in 10 seconds and all were dead in 3 1/2 minutes.”
Considering its devastating effects on the wildlife of Anniston, it comes as no surprise that PCBs have similarly dangerous effects on the health of human beings. In fact, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognizes PCBs as probable human carcinogens. The agency also adds other non-cancer health risks to the list of potential dangers caused by the chemical substance. Notable scientific studies have found links between PCB exposure and complications with the immune, endocrine, nervous, and reproductive systems in animal and human systems. PCBs can also cause other medical conditions such as liver damage, elevations in blood pressure, and increasing serum triglyceride and cholesterol levels.
Drug company GlaxoSmithKline paid $1 billion in fines to the Department of Justice (DoJ) to settle charge of fraudulent marketing of some of its most popular products, including anti-emetic agent Zofran (ondansetron). It has also agreed to put up a $2 billion fund to settle civil lawsuits. Other drugs included in the charges are Paxil (paroxetine, an antidepressant), Wellbutrin (bupropion, also an antidepressant), and Avandia (rosiglitazone, an anti-diabetic). It seems that GSK makes a practice of promoting off-label uses for its products, not content with the income generated from approved uses.
The US is not the only country that has slapped GSK with fines for one violation or another. China has most recently fined GSK $489 million for bribing doctors, hospitals, medical associations, and public officials to help them raise drug prices. The UK government is currently investigating fraud allegations against GSK in other countries, including Poland, Lebanon, and Iraq.
Zofran was not particularly singled out in these investigations, but it continues to be a source of concern for physicians and their pregnant patients. Off-label use of Zofran was considered acceptable for women suffering from serious nausea and vomiting or pregnancy (NVP), also known as morning sickness, because earlier studies indicated no reason to suspect fetal danger. However, recent studies with larger populations indicate that there is a 30% increase in the risk of a birth defect when Zofran is administered before the 10th week of pregnancy.
Part of the charges brought by the DoJ against GSK was for failing to report safety data and concerns about its drugs. Women were prescribed with Zofran in their first trimester because their doctors believed it was safe. Of these women, those whose children had birth defects such as club feet, heart defects, cleft lift or palate, or abnormally shaped skull (craniosynostosis) may be eligible for compensation, according to the website of Williams Kherkher. Contact a Zofran attorney in your area for more information about filing a personal injury lawsuit.
We associate airbags with safety because they are designed to cushion passengers from the impact of a collision. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that airbags save thousands of lives annually, although there are studies that because airbags are designed for the average person, smaller and bigger than average individuals are likely to sustain slightly more severe injuries. However, airbags can also pose their own danger to even average sized passengers when they malfunction primarily because of the explosive nature of their deployment, and the fact that they are constructed from potentially dangerous components if they are not properly installed or manufactured.
There have been several recalls of vehicles due to defective airbags ranging from airbags that don’t deploy to those that deploy prematurely. The dangers of a non-functioning airbag are obvious in the event of a collision, but an airbag that goes off inappropriately can be nearly as bad. According to the website of Ritter Personal Injury, airbags that deploy prematurely can cause severe injuries including but not limited to traumatic brain injury, fractures, suffocation, and lacerations.
Recent recalls of vehicles because of defective air bags include the one in 2004 for 1.4 million vehicles equipped with air bags that deployed for no reason because of wiring issues. In 2008, Honda recalled vehicles identified as having airbags that deployed with excessive force, sending debris flying out and causing severe injuries, even death. This recall was expanded three years later for more than 800,000 vehicles. Hyundai also issued a recall within this time frame for its Elantra model years 2007-2009 for faulty air bags that could injure smaller passengers. Other car companies that issued airbag-related recalls include Ford and Chrysler.
The tragedy is these recalls often come too late for some passengers, or car owners are unaware that their vehicles have defective airbags until something happens. The injuries are often severe, and may even cause death. If you or an immediate family member has been seriously injured by a defective airbag, you may be able to get compensated for your losses. Find a competent personal injury lawyer in your area to have a better understanding of your case.
If you think that hard water is not so bad after all despite the spots on your dishes, the scum on your bathroom tiles, and the clogged pipes in your walls, you’d better think again. While it is true that some calcium and magnesium in your water may have some (disputed) health benefits, those aren’t the only compounds that you could find in your drinking water. It doesn’t say anything about hydrogen sulfide, for instance.
If your drinking water smells a little bit like someone’s sweaty foot or a rotten egg, then it probably contains some hydrogen sulfide. This is a naturally occurring gas you will find in groundwater when bacteria works on sulfur and converts it to hydrogen sulfide. It is most often found in well water and some plumbing systems where sand, shale, and peat formations are common, such as Texas. Man-made hydrogen sulfide may also be produced by water heaters and sewage.
While it is relatively harmless to humans in small doses, hydrogen sulfide makes water unpleasant to drink and it certainly has no known health benefits. It is also a flammable gas and can be toxic at high levels. It can corrode pipes and release heavy metals into your water, which can stain clothing, silverware, and metal utensils. Besides, you don’t know where it really came from, so it would just make a lot of sense to get rid of it.
There are many water treatment options for reducing or removing hydrogen sulfide from your water supply. The method you choose will depend on the results of a free water test that householders can request from the better suppliers of Austin water filters, or you could ask a state-certified laboratory to test the water for you. The level of the hydrogen sulfide, iron, and manganese in the water as well as the pH will determine what water treatment method will be ideal. Consult with a water treatment specialist in your area for best results.
These days, people turn to lawyers to help them with a variety of different legal issues. No matter what your reason is for needing a lawyer, finding the right one can be quite difficult. The following article has some great advice that will help you find a lawyer who has you in their best interest.
Make sure you have a fee schedule for any lawyers you are thinking about retaining. Fees can vary based on numerous factors, such as the lawyer’s experience and demand. You need to be aware of how much you are going to pay, or at least a ball-park estimate, prior to hiring them. It’s terrible to lose representation once your proceedings have started.
If you’re anticipating future problems, it might not be a bad idea to have an attorney on retainer. This will prevent you from rushing to look for one in the case of an emergency. Keeping an attorney on retainer affords you the luxury of always having access to good advice.
Make sure the lawyer you are hiring is suited for your needs. Like medical professionals, lawyers can be general practitioners or dedicated specialists. Know what general legal area your case is in, and narrow your search for a lawyer within that specialization to find someone with focused training and experience.
If you need to hire a lawyer but don’t know where to start, try looking in a lawyer directory. A directory offers a comprehensive profile of many attorneys. The profile provides important information such as his education, experience, fees and the lawyer’s basic philosophy of law. This information can be invaluable in selecting a good lawyer. Some lawyers, like the ones at the Abel Law Firm, also offer this kind of information on their own website.
People use lawyers for many different reasons. When you find the right one, he or she can make your life a whole lot easier. Make sure you implement the tips and tricks mentioned in the article above when you are conducting a search for an attorney. It is one decision you need to make right.
Texting while driving accounts for the highest number of car crashes among the many types of driver error or distracted driving. Due to the danger it puts the (texting) driver and other motorists and pedestrians on the road, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) saw the necessity of illegalizing this irresponsible behavior behind the wheel. Though different from being intoxicated due to liquor or drugs, texting and using handheld phones, likewise, impair a driver, as these also take away a driver’s concentration and lessen his/her capability to make timely reactions in the event of an emergency.
The National Safety Council, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, non-governmental group devoted to protecting the life and health of the American people, conducted a study which revealed that car accidents, due to cell phone use, is highest among young drivers, but so are drunk-driving and reckless driving. The same study also showed that while majority of young drivers say that no driver should text while operating a vehicle, they, themselves, were shown to be guilty of committing the same violation. Yet what is more alarming is their defense, saying that they were texting only when it was safe, like at stop lights, and that they have full control of the vehicle, anyway.
Using a handheld phone to text, make or answer a call, makes a driver take his/her hand off the wheel and his/her eyes off the road. When driving, there is no “too short a time” when attention is diverted to something else, for even a couple of ticks on the watch may already be too long, enough time to cause an accident which, in turn can result to severe injuries or even death.
The government does not ban texting and using handheld phones altogether; but if a driver really needs to text or call someone, then he/she is advised to drive and stop his/her vehicle to a safe spot first and then make his/her call. In this event, accidents can be prevented and everyone guaranteed safe. Accidents are unexpected events, of course, but these are mainly due to recklessness and/or negligence; thus, these can easily be prevented if only drivers will decide to follow the traffic rules which they were asked to learn by heart when they were still trying to learn how to drive.
Fires and explosions are not only dangerous, but they can be very devastating since they tend to take away properties and life. When they break out, they can cause serious damage to properties and severe injuries, and even lead to death. Not only can an explosion or fire occur in the workplace, it can happen anywhere, especially in the home.
The effects of san explosion or fire can be numerous. Physical injuries such as severe burns, scarring, infections, and even amputations can cause a person to make a person experience a change in the quality of life. It can greatly affect the type of work they will have and their ability to take care of themselves and their families. Divorced parents who are severely injured can have issues keeping up with their child custody arrangement because of the injuries they have sustained, as well as the effect of it on their work and life.
Explosions and fires can also cause financial struggles, especially if they happen in the home. Although having insurance can help in compensating for the damages, it is usually not enough to get back on your feet and start over again, especially if your house has burned down and you don’t know where to live in the meantime.
Another effect of explosion and fire is the emotional and mental anguish. Pain and suffering does not only extend to the physical state, people who have been exposed to huge explosions and fires tend to develop traumas and fears that can be debilitating in their daily lives. Injuries from explosions or fires can last for a very long time, therefore rehabilitation doesn’t just stop after the wounds have healed. People who are on child custody arrangements, those who are going through divorce or marriage issues, or those who are simply doing their own things to make ends meet can view an explosion or fire a very serious danger to their quality of life.
Employer liability can come into play when an accident occurs while the driver is performing the duties for his or her employers. These cases are often common in 18-wheeler accidents or commercial truck vehicles. Despite the fact that the cause of the accident is obviously the truck driver, many factors can still come into play that could make it difficult to pinpoint who is legally liable for the damages; it all depends on the legalities of assigning the responsibilities to the employer.
18-wheelers, also known as semi trucks or commercial trucks, are used generally for transportation of goods or hazardous materials. It can belong to a company or corporation, and is used mainly for business purposes. An employer can be held liable for a semi truck accident if it is proven that there is employer negligence or vicarious liability. Negligence on the part of the employer can be proven when the employer failed to conduct proper hiring process that lead to employing an unfit truck driver. Checking past records and conducting physical and mental examinations are some of the precautions that employers must do to ensure that they are hiring a safe driver. Likewise, employer negligence also comes in form of supervision: it is the responsibility of the employer to ensure that safety policies and rules and regulations are followed by each employee. Lapses in monitoring and supervising employees can make truck drivers oversee their skills and care, bringing about many 18-wheeler accidents.
On the other hand, vicarious liability is a doctrine of law arising under respondeat superior, or the common-law doctrine of making the employer liable for the actions of their employees provided that these actions were taking place within the extent of the employment. This is only applicable, however, if the employee is in the process performing the task given by the employer during the time of the accident. There are exceptions to his rules, such as intentionally acting in bad or inappropriate behaviors.
Employer liability can be a very difficult to deal with, therefore it would be easier to hire an attorney who knows more about truck accidents and personal injury lawsuits. Because many factors can affect a semi truck accident, having a lawyer who can advise when to settle or when to go to court, and assess the total damages to be compensation, can ease the burden.
Even though medical errors are hard to avoid, a medical professional can be held responsible for injuries that could result from either negligent actions or below the standard of care given to the patients. According to the website of the Atlanta lawyers at the Ausband & Dumont Law Firm, medical malpractice is the legal term used for lawsuits of this nature, and anyone in the medical profession can be liable, including the hospital itself. It should be noted that in order for medical malpractice to be valid, the injury sustained should be detrimental enough to impact the quality of life of the patient and must be the result of some failure on the part of medical staff or hospital procedure.
Being served with a medical malpractice lawsuit can be damaging to any medical professional’s career, which is why it is vital to know how to defend your medical license should the situation arise. Aside from doctors and hospitals, nurses are also vulnerable to medical malpractice lawsuits, especially so since they are the ones who are always interacting with the patients. Nurses should understand that they have the power to prevent being involved in a medical malpractice lawsuit, or if they already are, can minimize the damage that has already been done. There are ways that nurses can protect themselves from a medical malpractice lawsuit.
First thing to remember in order to have a strong nursing license defense is proper documentation. Not being able to document can mean negligence, which results to medical malpractice. For documentation to be legally credible, make sure that it accurately logs the care that the patients have gotten along with proficiency in providing that care. It shows that you were performing what was expected from you. Another way to ensure protection from medical malpractice is to follow the policies and procedures of the hospital. It is vital to be compliant with policies and procedures ensure a working environment that is safe and prevented from injury to patients as well as staff. Because these rules and regulations provide the guidelines on how to handle issues, government and professional requirements are met.
One more way for preventing a lawsuit is through malpractice insurance. Although you are generally covered with the facility’s insurance, it may not be enough to protect you from professional services you have rendered outside of work, such as volunteering or anything that is not work-related. Having personal insurance means you know how much coverage you have, and secure you with the thought of having your own lawyer looking out for you. All in all, prevention of and protection against is the best response to the looming specter of potential medical malpractice suits against you.
When disaster strikes, business owners may suffer more than just lost properties; they are also losing future earnings. One of the best examples of these business losses happened when the BP Oil Spill happened in the Gulf of Mexico. Established as one of the worst environmental disasters in the history of the United States, the BP oil spill created large-scale economic damage to many businesses around the gulf area. Because of this, BP has made a promise to reimburse or pay all those who have been affected by the oil spill.
Taking full responsibility of the damages done by the explosion and the resulting oil spill, BP has created a trust fund amounting to US$20 billion dollars to compensate for claims. These individual and business loss claims were slowly given compensation for the damages brought about by the oil spill; however, presently BP has released a statement saying they are disputing the settling of claims due to inconsistencies in many of the plaintiff’s arguments. Today, many people and businesses that have been affected by the oil spill and have already filed their oil spill claim are having a hard time coping with the losses and damages.
Many of those who have been denied of their compensation have filed to insurance bad faith, but many doubt if this is a good decision. There are certain differences when it come to compensation and filing for insurance bad faith. Although BP did promise to compensate for the damage brought about by the oil spill, they are not technically an insurance company. Because insurance is considered a contract, when an insurer fails to perform in a way that is required in the contract, this action is considered bad faith. Insurance companies have a duty of good faith along with fair dealing with their clients, and not practicing them may make them liable for an insurance bad faith lawsuit.
When it comes to being denied of BP oil spill compensation, it would be better to ask help and advice from lawyers who specialize in handling such cases. There are many law firms that represent people and businesses who have been affected by the oil spill accident, and they can be the best persons to question about possible options regarding the denied oil spill claim. Because of the internal issues that the BP is facing now, it would be best to seek the help of a lawyer to seek an appeal regarding the denied claims.